Effects of near-tip rotation on pre-buckle crack growth of compressed beams bonded to a rigid substrate

Q. D. Yang, A. A. Volinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The macroscopic pre-cracked line scratch test (MPLST), in which a debonded edge of a film is loaded in in-plane compression, has been modeled as a generic, coupled fracture-buckle problem using simple beam theory. Near crack-tip beam rotation (also called root rotation in literature), which always exists due to the eccentric loading in this type of test, has been incorporated into the governing equations. An analytical solution to the augmented problem has been derived. It is found that the near-tip rotation can introduce pre-buckle bending in the film. One important consequence of this pre-buckle bending is that it leads to the reduction of the critical buckling condition. This agrees well with the results of [Int. J. Fract. 113 (2002) 39] obtained by solving the full elastic field near the crack-tip. Furthermore, the pre-buckle bending moment at crack-tip remains negative (leading to crack closure) as long as the pre-buckle crack length is small, but it becomes positive (leading to crack opening) at larger pre-buckle crack length. The negative bending moment causes the crack-tip energy release rate to decrease as the crack propagates, which results in a stable pre-buckle crack growth. Once it becomes positive, however, the bending moment causes crack-tip energy release rate to increase rapidly as crack length increases and hence leads to an unstable (pre-buckle) crack growth. Further, the nominal phase angle is initially larger than the classic prediction of 52.1° owing to the existence of the negative crack-tip bending moment, but it drops quickly upon approaching the buckle point. All these results are confirmed by a rigorous 2D FEM calculation using cohesive zone modeling (CZM) approach. Finally the derived analytical solution has been used to analyze a set of PLST data reported in the literature. It has been demonstrated that plasticity in the adhesive layer and in the bonded film is responsible for the strong R-curve toughening characteristics in the deduced interface toughness data. It has also been shown that, once the deduced interface toughness is incorporated into a CZM simulation, both the axial loading and buckling point can be accurately predicted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2711-2729
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number9-10
StatePublished - May 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Buckle
  • Cohesive zone model
  • Energy release rate
  • Fracture
  • Near-tip rotation
  • Plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of near-tip rotation on pre-buckle crack growth of compressed beams bonded to a rigid substrate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this