Effects of methylprednisolone and cyclosporine A on fungal growth in vitro

Nicholas P. Bell, Carol Karp, Eduardo C Alfonso, Joyce Schiffman, Darlene Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. The management of corneal transplants after mycotic keratitis often poses a therapeutic dilemma. Clinicians are hesitant to use topical steroids because of their potential enhancement of fungal growth. This study seeks to evaluate the in vitro effects of methylprednisolone and cyclosporine A on the growth of various molds that often are responsible for keratomycoses. Methods. Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, and Aspergillus fumigatus were grown in the presence of varying concentrations of methylprednisolone, cyclosporine A, and vehicle controls. Fungal growth was evaluated in a masked fashion based on the number of colonies and their morphologies. Results. All tested concentrations of cyclosporine A (1%, 2%, 4%) had a statistically significant suppressive effect on the growth of F. oxysporum (p < 0.001) and F. solani (p < 0.001) compared with methylprednisolone and vehicle control solutions. A dose-dependent decrease in the number of colonies grown also was noted for F. oxysporum (p < 0.001) and F. solani (p < 0.001). In the case of A. fumigatus, cyclosporine A significantly decreased the colony size (p < 0.015) in a dose-dependent fashion. Conclusions. Cyclosporine A appears to have an inhibitory effect on fungal growth in vitro. Cyclosporine A may be an important alternative to topical steroids for management of corneal transplants after mycotic keratitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-313
Number of pages8
JournalCornea
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1999

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Methylprednisolone
Cyclosporine
Growth
Aspergillus fumigatus
Keratitis
Fusarium
Steroids
Transplants
In Vitro Techniques
Fungi

Keywords

  • Corticosteroids
  • Cyclosporine A
  • Fungal keratitis
  • Keratoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Effects of methylprednisolone and cyclosporine A on fungal growth in vitro. / Bell, Nicholas P.; Karp, Carol; Alfonso, Eduardo C; Schiffman, Joyce; Miller, Darlene.

In: Cornea, Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.05.1999, p. 306-313.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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