Effects of lifeskills training on medical students' performance in dealing with complex clinical cases

Ana Campo, Virginia Williams, Redford B. Williams, Marisol A. Segundo, David Lydston, Stephen M Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Sound clinical judgment is the cornerstone of medical practice and begins early during medical education. The authors consider the effect of personality characteristics (hostility, anger, cynicism) on clinical judgment and whether a brief intervention can affect this process. Methods: Two sophomore medical classes (experimental, comparison) were assessed on several personality dimensions and responded to a series of clinical vignettes. The experimental group received cognitive behavior training to improve stress, coping, and interpersonal skills. Participants were reassessed within 1 week of the initial assessment. Results: Significant associations between hostility and cynicism and maladaptive responses to the clinical vignettes were noted. Following the intervention, hostility, cynicism, anger, and aggression were significantly reduced, with concomitant reductions in maladaptive decision-making. Conclusion: The relationship between the quality of clinical decision-making and personality characteristics was confirmed. The potential to modify this relationship using a brief cognitive behavior intervention suggests that such interventions should be an essential component of medical education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-193
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

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Hostility
Medical Students
Personality
medical student
Anger
Medical Education
personality
anger
performance
cognition
Psychological Adaptation
Aggression
decision making
Decision Making
medical practice
aggression
education
coping
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Education

Cite this

Effects of lifeskills training on medical students' performance in dealing with complex clinical cases. / Campo, Ana; Williams, Virginia; Williams, Redford B.; Segundo, Marisol A.; Lydston, David; Weiss, Stephen M.

In: Academic Psychiatry, Vol. 32, No. 3, 01.05.2008, p. 188-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campo, Ana ; Williams, Virginia ; Williams, Redford B. ; Segundo, Marisol A. ; Lydston, David ; Weiss, Stephen M. / Effects of lifeskills training on medical students' performance in dealing with complex clinical cases. In: Academic Psychiatry. 2008 ; Vol. 32, No. 3. pp. 188-193.
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