Background: Although aspirin is beneficial in patients with unstable angina, it is a relatively weak inhibitor of platelet aggregation. The effect of Integrelin, which inhibits the platelet fibrinogen receptor glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa, on the frequency and duration of Holter ischemia was evaluated in 227 patients with unstable angina. Methods and Results: Patients received intravenous heparin and standard anti-ischemic therapy and were randomized to receive oral aspirin and placebo Integrelin; placebo aspirin and low-dose Integrelin, 45 μg/kg bolus followed by a 0.5-μg · kg -1 · min -1 continuous infusion; or placebo aspirin and high-dose Integrelin, 90 μg/kg bolus followed by a 1.0-μg · kg -1 · min -1 constant infusion. Study drug was continued for 24 to 72 hours, and Holter monitoring was performed. Patients randomized to high-dose Integrelin experienced 0.24±0.11 ischemic episodes (mean±SEM) on Holter lasting 8.41±5.29 minutes over 24 hours of study drug infusion. Patients randomized to aspirin experienced a greater number (1.0±0.33, P<.05) and longer duration (26.2±9.8 minutes, P=.01) of ischemic episodes than the high-dose Integrelin group. There was no evidence of rebound ischemia after withdrawal of study drug. In 46 patients, platelet aggregation was rapidly inhibited by Integrelin in a dose-dependent fashion. The number of clinical events was small, and there were no bleeding differences in the three treatment arms. Conclusions: Intravenous Integrelin is well tolerated, is a potent reversible inhibitor of platelet aggregation, and added to full-dose heparin reduces the number and duration of Holter ischemic events in patients with unstable angina compared with aspirin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine