Effects of initiating physician-performed germline testing in safety net clinic patients with epithelial overian cancer

Scott E. Jordan, Samantha Spring, Priyanka Kamath, Matthew P. Schlumbrecht, J. Matthew Pearson, Abdulrahman K. Sinno, Sophia H.L. George, Marilyn Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Germline genetic mutations occur in approximately 25% of women with epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC). We sought to determine whether newly initiated in-office oncologist-led germline testing improved time to testing and dissemination of results compared with historical controls. Patients with epithelial ovarian cancer seen between 4/1/2018 and 12/31/2019 were identified. Patients treated before genetic testing kits were made available in the gynecologic oncology clinics were compared to those treated after. Categorical variables were compared using Chi Squared and Fisher's Exact test. Cox proportional hazards model was used to compare elapsed time from testing to results. 73 patients were identified, and 502 clinic visits were analyzed. 56 (76.7%) patients were White Hispanic, 15 (20.5%) were Black, and 2 (2.7%) were White non-Hispanic. 55 (75.7%) underwent germline testing. Median time to genetic testing in the intervention group was shorter than in the control group (5, vs 24.3 weeks, 95% CI = 0–10.8 vs 14.9–33.7, p < 0.001). Among the 51 patients with genetic tests completed; results were recorded in a clinic note at 14 weeks (95% CI = 0–28.1) from first visit in the intervention group compared with 47 weeks (95% CI = 30.7–63.3) in the control group (p < 0.001). The majority of patients tested had county charity care insurance or were uninsured. Genetic testing in a safety net gynecologic oncology clinic is feasible. By initiating in-office testing, time to testing and receipt of results were meaningfully shortened. This allowed for timely identification of patients who would most benefit from PARP inhibitor maintenance therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100662
JournalGynecologic Oncology Reports
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Germline testing
  • Health disparities
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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