Harman and norharman, two β-carboline derivatives known to exist in certain foods and to be formed during pyrolysis of tobacco and meat, were tested for mutagenic activity in the presence of benzo[a]pyrene, mouse liver enzymes, and Salmonella typhimurium TA98 in vitro. Both harman and norharman inhibit benzo[a]pyrene mutagenicity, benzo[a]pyrene metabolism (as measured by aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity), and the binding of all benzo[a]pyrene metabolites to DNA in vitro. Moreover, harman and norharman are quite toxic to cultures of hepatoma-derived H-4-II-E and Hepa-1 established cell lines and therefore were found to be very weak inducers of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|State||Published - Dec 21 1977|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology