The neuropeptide growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is secreted by the hypothalamus and upon the binding to the receptors for GHRH on the pituitary gland regulates the release of growth hormone. Substantial evidence indicate that GHRH, in addition to its physiological role as a hypophysiotrophic hormone, acts as a growth factor in diverse tissues and various tumors. In this study we evaluated the expression of GHRH and its receptors in a variety of cancer and non-cancerous cell lines and studied the effect of GHRH antagonists and agonists on the proliferative cell nuclear antigen, cyclin D3, tumor suppressor protein p53 and carboxyl-terminal-binding protein (CtBP1). Our findings show that GHRH agonist JI-38 downregulates wt-p53 and upregulates the expression of PCNA. GHRH also upregulates CtBP1 protein expression and its antagonists downregulate it in LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Furthermore, GHRH and its agonist JI-38 upregulates the expression of the proliferative markers cyclin D3 and PCNA in A549 non-small cell lung carcinoma and GHRH antagonist MZ-5-156 downregulates it. Our results support previous findings on the mitogenic role of GHRH in cancers and underline the importance of GHRH antagonists as anticancer agents.
- Growth factor
- Growth hormone-releasing hormone
- Growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research