Effects of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract pretreatment on pupil diameter: A comparison between three laser platforms

Vasilios F. Diakonis, Nilufer Yesilirmak, Ibrahim O. Sayed-Ahmed, Daniel P. Warren, George A. Kounis, Zachary Davis, Florence Cabot, Sonia H Yoo, Terrence O'Brien, Kendall Donaldson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess pupil diameter before and after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) pretreatment and compare the outcomes of three laser platforms. METHODS: This prospective observational case series included consecutive patients scheduled to undergo cataract extraction using FLACS between August 2013 and February 2015. All eyes received FLACS pretreatment using three laser platforms: LenSx (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX), Catalys (Abbott Medical Optics Inc., Santa Ana, CA), and Victus (Bausch & Lomb, Inc., Rochester, NY). The same protocol for preoperative medical mydriasis was used for all patients, and pupil diameter was assessed immediately before and 3 minutes after FLACS using a surgical ruler. RESULTS: A total of 198 eyes of 161 patients were included in the study. Mean pupillary miosis was 1.42 ± 1.26 mm for the LenSx, 0.66 ± 0.89 mm for the Catalys, and 0.14 ± 0.34 mm for the Victus groups. Furthermore, 8 of the 198 eyes (4.0%) demonstrated a pupil diameter of less than 5 mm after FLACS and 48 eyes (24.24%) demonstrated a pupil diameter of 6 mm or less. There was a statistically significant decrease in pupil diameter for all groups individually (P < .05). There was also a statistically significant difference among the three groups (P < .05), with LenSx inducing the highest degree of miosis, followed by Catalys, and finally Victus. A correlation between the pupil diameter before FLACS and degree of FLACS-induced miosis was demonstrated (P < .05), with larger pupil diameter before FLACS associated with greater miosis. CONCLUSIONS: FLACS pretreatment seems to induce significant pupillary miosis with all laser platforms assessed in this study. The decrease in pupil diameter after FLACS reached clinical significance for cataract extraction (< 5 mm) in 4.0% of cases, whereas 20.2% of eyes demonstrated small pupil diameter (≤ 6 mm) after FLACS pretreatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-88
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Pupil
Cataract
Lasers
Miosis
Cataract Extraction
Mydriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

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Effects of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract pretreatment on pupil diameter : A comparison between three laser platforms. / Diakonis, Vasilios F.; Yesilirmak, Nilufer; Sayed-Ahmed, Ibrahim O.; Warren, Daniel P.; Kounis, George A.; Davis, Zachary; Cabot, Florence; Yoo, Sonia H; O'Brien, Terrence; Donaldson, Kendall.

In: Journal of Refractive Surgery, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 84-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diakonis, Vasilios F. ; Yesilirmak, Nilufer ; Sayed-Ahmed, Ibrahim O. ; Warren, Daniel P. ; Kounis, George A. ; Davis, Zachary ; Cabot, Florence ; Yoo, Sonia H ; O'Brien, Terrence ; Donaldson, Kendall. / Effects of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract pretreatment on pupil diameter : A comparison between three laser platforms. In: Journal of Refractive Surgery. 2016 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 84-88.
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abstract = "PURPOSE: To assess pupil diameter before and after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) pretreatment and compare the outcomes of three laser platforms. METHODS: This prospective observational case series included consecutive patients scheduled to undergo cataract extraction using FLACS between August 2013 and February 2015. All eyes received FLACS pretreatment using three laser platforms: LenSx (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX), Catalys (Abbott Medical Optics Inc., Santa Ana, CA), and Victus (Bausch & Lomb, Inc., Rochester, NY). The same protocol for preoperative medical mydriasis was used for all patients, and pupil diameter was assessed immediately before and 3 minutes after FLACS using a surgical ruler. RESULTS: A total of 198 eyes of 161 patients were included in the study. Mean pupillary miosis was 1.42 ± 1.26 mm for the LenSx, 0.66 ± 0.89 mm for the Catalys, and 0.14 ± 0.34 mm for the Victus groups. Furthermore, 8 of the 198 eyes (4.0{\%}) demonstrated a pupil diameter of less than 5 mm after FLACS and 48 eyes (24.24{\%}) demonstrated a pupil diameter of 6 mm or less. There was a statistically significant decrease in pupil diameter for all groups individually (P < .05). There was also a statistically significant difference among the three groups (P < .05), with LenSx inducing the highest degree of miosis, followed by Catalys, and finally Victus. A correlation between the pupil diameter before FLACS and degree of FLACS-induced miosis was demonstrated (P < .05), with larger pupil diameter before FLACS associated with greater miosis. CONCLUSIONS: FLACS pretreatment seems to induce significant pupillary miosis with all laser platforms assessed in this study. The decrease in pupil diameter after FLACS reached clinical significance for cataract extraction (< 5 mm) in 4.0{\%} of cases, whereas 20.2{\%} of eyes demonstrated small pupil diameter (≤ 6 mm) after FLACS pretreatment.",
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AU - Diakonis, Vasilios F.

AU - Yesilirmak, Nilufer

AU - Sayed-Ahmed, Ibrahim O.

AU - Warren, Daniel P.

AU - Kounis, George A.

AU - Davis, Zachary

AU - Cabot, Florence

AU - Yoo, Sonia H

AU - O'Brien, Terrence

AU - Donaldson, Kendall

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N2 - PURPOSE: To assess pupil diameter before and after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) pretreatment and compare the outcomes of three laser platforms. METHODS: This prospective observational case series included consecutive patients scheduled to undergo cataract extraction using FLACS between August 2013 and February 2015. All eyes received FLACS pretreatment using three laser platforms: LenSx (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX), Catalys (Abbott Medical Optics Inc., Santa Ana, CA), and Victus (Bausch & Lomb, Inc., Rochester, NY). The same protocol for preoperative medical mydriasis was used for all patients, and pupil diameter was assessed immediately before and 3 minutes after FLACS using a surgical ruler. RESULTS: A total of 198 eyes of 161 patients were included in the study. Mean pupillary miosis was 1.42 ± 1.26 mm for the LenSx, 0.66 ± 0.89 mm for the Catalys, and 0.14 ± 0.34 mm for the Victus groups. Furthermore, 8 of the 198 eyes (4.0%) demonstrated a pupil diameter of less than 5 mm after FLACS and 48 eyes (24.24%) demonstrated a pupil diameter of 6 mm or less. There was a statistically significant decrease in pupil diameter for all groups individually (P < .05). There was also a statistically significant difference among the three groups (P < .05), with LenSx inducing the highest degree of miosis, followed by Catalys, and finally Victus. A correlation between the pupil diameter before FLACS and degree of FLACS-induced miosis was demonstrated (P < .05), with larger pupil diameter before FLACS associated with greater miosis. CONCLUSIONS: FLACS pretreatment seems to induce significant pupillary miosis with all laser platforms assessed in this study. The decrease in pupil diameter after FLACS reached clinical significance for cataract extraction (< 5 mm) in 4.0% of cases, whereas 20.2% of eyes demonstrated small pupil diameter (≤ 6 mm) after FLACS pretreatment.

AB - PURPOSE: To assess pupil diameter before and after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) pretreatment and compare the outcomes of three laser platforms. METHODS: This prospective observational case series included consecutive patients scheduled to undergo cataract extraction using FLACS between August 2013 and February 2015. All eyes received FLACS pretreatment using three laser platforms: LenSx (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX), Catalys (Abbott Medical Optics Inc., Santa Ana, CA), and Victus (Bausch & Lomb, Inc., Rochester, NY). The same protocol for preoperative medical mydriasis was used for all patients, and pupil diameter was assessed immediately before and 3 minutes after FLACS using a surgical ruler. RESULTS: A total of 198 eyes of 161 patients were included in the study. Mean pupillary miosis was 1.42 ± 1.26 mm for the LenSx, 0.66 ± 0.89 mm for the Catalys, and 0.14 ± 0.34 mm for the Victus groups. Furthermore, 8 of the 198 eyes (4.0%) demonstrated a pupil diameter of less than 5 mm after FLACS and 48 eyes (24.24%) demonstrated a pupil diameter of 6 mm or less. There was a statistically significant decrease in pupil diameter for all groups individually (P < .05). There was also a statistically significant difference among the three groups (P < .05), with LenSx inducing the highest degree of miosis, followed by Catalys, and finally Victus. A correlation between the pupil diameter before FLACS and degree of FLACS-induced miosis was demonstrated (P < .05), with larger pupil diameter before FLACS associated with greater miosis. CONCLUSIONS: FLACS pretreatment seems to induce significant pupillary miosis with all laser platforms assessed in this study. The decrease in pupil diameter after FLACS reached clinical significance for cataract extraction (< 5 mm) in 4.0% of cases, whereas 20.2% of eyes demonstrated small pupil diameter (≤ 6 mm) after FLACS pretreatment.

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