Effects of Exposure to Low Concentrations of Oil on the Expression of Cytochrome P4501a and Routine Swimming Speed of Atlantic Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) Larvae in Situ

Alessandro Cresci, Claire B. Paris, Howard I. Browman, Anne Berit Skiftesvik, Steven Shema, Reidun Bjelland, Caroline M.F. Durif, Matthew Foretich, Camilla Di Persia, Veronica Lucchese, Frode B. Vikebø, Elin Sørhus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of oil could impact survival of fish larvae in situ through subtle effects on larval behavior. During the larval period, Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) are transported toward nursery grounds by ocean currents and active swimming, which can modify their drift route. Haddock larvae are sensitive to dispersed oil; however, whether exposure to oil during development impacts the ability of haddock larvae to swim in situ is unknown. Here, we exposed Atlantic haddock embryos to 10 and 80 μg oil/L (0.1 and 0.8 μg ∑PAH/L) of crude oil for 8 days and used a novel approach to measure its effect on the larval swimming behavior in situ. We assessed the swimming behavior of 138 haddock larvae in situ, in the North Sea, using a transparent drifting chamber. Expression of cytochrome P4501a (cyp1a) was also measured. Exposure to 10 and 80 μg oil/L significantly reduced the average in situ routine swimming speed by 30-40% compared to the controls. Expression of cyp1a was significantly higher in both exposed groups. This study reports key information for improving oil spill risk assessment models and presents a novel approach to study sublethal effects of pollutants on fish larvae in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13879-13887
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume54
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 3 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ecotoxicology
  • fish behavior
  • larval dispersal
  • larval fish
  • oil impact
  • oil toxicity
  • sublethal impacts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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