Relationship distress is a pervasive problem in the USA that disproportionally impacts couples with low-income levels. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two online relationship interventions, OurRelationship and ePREP, both of which were supported by a paraprofessional coach, in improving mental health and physical health behaviors with low-income couples. Couples (N = 742) were randomized to either intervention or a 6-month waitlist control group and assessed pre-, mid-, and post-intervention as well at 4 and 6 months after randomization. Results from multilevel models indicated that during treatment, compared to couples in the waitlist group, couples in the intervention groups reported significantly greater improvements in mental health that were small to moderate in magnitude (psychological distress, anger, problematic alcohol use, and perceived stress) as well as improvements in physical health/health behaviors (perceived health, insomnia, and exercise) that were small in magnitude. Furthermore, the differences between intervention and waitlist groups were maintained over follow-up. Treatment gains in both mental health and physical health behaviors were generally stronger for those who began treatment with greater difficulties in those areas. Implications of these findings with regard to intervention and policy are discussed.
- Individual mental health
- Physical health behaviors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health