Morphine raised the threshold for escape from aversive electrical stimulation, delivered to the mesencephalic reticular formation. Clonidine, given alone, had no effect; however, when administered with morphine it blocked the analgesic effect of morphine. Conversely, clonidine, but not morphine, increased the latency to respond to the aversive stimulation, suggesting that clonidine may not have analgesic properties but may merely impair the ability of the animal to respond to the nociceptive stimulation. Yohimbine produced hyperalgesia and also blocked the effect of morphine. These findings are similar to those seen with dopamine agonists and may be related to the effects of yohimbine on the release of dopamine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Drug Discovery