Effects of chloroquine and methylamine on lysosomal enzyme secretion by rat pancreas

T. Hirano, Ashok Saluja, P. Ramarao, M. M. Lerch, M. L. Steer

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In vivo pancreatic secretion of the lysosomal hydrolase cathepsin B was found to be increased by infusion of the secretagogue caerulein. The basal as well as caerulein-stimulated in vivo rate of cathepsin B was further increased by infusion of either chloroquine or methylamine while neither the basal nor the secretagogue-stimulated rates of amylase secretion were altered by the lysosomotropic agents. These observations indicate that neutralization of the acidic prelysosomal compartment by administration of lysosomotropic agents results in lysosomal enzyme entry, by default, into the regulated secretory pathway. In vitro stimulation of pancreatic acini with caerulein was also found to stimulate cathepsin B secretion. That in vitro rate of cathepsin B secretion stimulated by caerulein was not increased in acini prepared from animals infused with caerulein, chloroquine, or methylamine, but the in vitro rate of cathepsin B secretion stimulated by caerulein was increased in acini prepared from animals infused with caerulein plus either chloroquine or methylamine. Under these conditions, redistribution of cathepsin B from the lysosome-enriched to the zymogen granule-enriched subcellular fraction was noted, and lysosomal enzyme-containing organelles became increasingly fragile. These observations indicate that in vivo secretagogue stimulation increases the degree of diversion of lysosomal hydrolases into the regulated secretory compartment when the prelysosomal compartment has been neutralized with lysosomotropic agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number3 25-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes



  • acinar cells
  • cathepsin B
  • digestive enzymes
  • lysosomes
  • protein sorting
  • zymogen granules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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