Effects of chloral hydrate on the cardiorespiratory response to hypoxia in newborn piglets

Xiang Qing Yu, Cleide Suguihara, Hugo Navarro, Dorothy Hehre, Jian Huang, Eduardo Bancalari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess the effects of chloral hydrate (CH) on the cardiorespiratory response to hypoxia in the neonate, 17 newborn piglets were chronically instrumented 48-72 h before study and randomly assigned to a CH group (100 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline group. The animals were intubated and studied under quiet sleep which was determined by behavioral states, and continuous electro-oculographic and electroencephalographic monitoring. Minute ventilation (V̇(E)), tidal volume, respiratory rate, arterial blood gases (ABG), oxygen consumption (V̇O2), arterial blood pressure (ABP) and heart rate (HR) were measured before and after CH or saline administration during room air and after 10 min of hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen concentration = 0.10). Cardiorespiratory response to hypoxia was similar before and after saline infusion. Basal V̇(E) and the ventilatory response to hypoxia were similar before and after CH administration. In contrast, the basal ABP decreased significantly (p < 0.05) after CH administration, but the ABP response to hypoxia was similar before and after CH. A significant increase in both basal HR and HR with hypoxia was observed after CH administration. In addition, V̇O2 and ABG were not modified by CH treatment during normoxia and hypoxia. These data demonstrate that a sedative dose of CH does not significantly modify the ventilatory response to hypoxia in newborn piglets. However, CH produced some changes in the cardiovascular system which should be considered when using it in infants with hemodynamic derangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalNeonatology
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Cardiorespiratory system
  • Chloral hydrate
  • Hypoxia
  • Newborn piglet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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