Effects of benzalkonium salts on eukaryotic and microbial G-protein-mediated processes and surface membranes

R. Patarca, M. A. Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Benzalkonium salts comprise a group of positively charged surface-active alkylamine biocides with the general formula alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride or bromide. They interact with guanine nucleotide triphosphate-binding proteins (G proteins), thereby affecting signal transduction in a variety of cell types and processes. The present report reviews the known and potential basic science reseach and clinical applications and manifestations of benzalkonium salts. Benzalkonium salts have antiproliferative effects on a variety of cells through G-protein-dependent pathways, affect cytokine gene expression, and are also effective bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal agents with multisite (direct and immunologically-mediated) inhibitory activity against many pathogens, including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), papillomavirus, and herpesviruses. Therefore, benzalkonium salts not only appear to be effective as disinfectants and spermicides but may also prove useful in the prevention and treatment of neoplasias and other diseases, particulaly those linked to viruses and originating at the skin or mucosal surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-356
Number of pages30
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncogenesis
Volume6
Issue number3-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Benzalkonium Compounds
GTP-Binding Proteins
Salts
Membranes
Disinfectants
Guanine Nucleotides
Herpesviridae
Bromides
Signal Transduction
Carrier Proteins
HIV
Cytokines
Viruses
Gene Expression
Skin
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • bactericide
  • cytokines
  • Draize test
  • fungicide
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • natural killer cell cytotoxic activity
  • T-cell proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Effects of benzalkonium salts on eukaryotic and microbial G-protein-mediated processes and surface membranes. / Patarca, R.; Fletcher, M. A.

In: Critical Reviews in Oncogenesis, Vol. 6, No. 3-6, 01.12.1995, p. 327-356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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