Low dose ATP-MgCl2 is reported to cause selective pulmonary vasodilation during hypoxic and thromboxane mimetic-induced constriction. In addition, it has been shown to increase cardiac output and improve cellular function during circulatory shock. Based on these properties we hypothesized that ATP-MgCl2 might ameliorate the cardiopulmonary manifestations of sepsis secondary to group B streptococci (GBS). We studied 14 anesthetized, mechanically ventilated piglets who received a continuous infusion of GBS (7.5 x 107 colony-forming units/kg/min) and were randomly assigned to a treatment group that received a continuous infusion of ATP-MgCl2 at 0.6 μmol/kg/min or a control group that received normal saline as placebo. Comparison of the hemodynamic measurements, pulmonary mechanics, and arterial blood gases over the first 120 min of ATP-MgCl2 infusions with those of the control group revealed the following: GBS infusion caused significant increases in mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), mean systemic arterial blood pressure, systemic vascular pressure (SVR), and PVR/SVR ratio with decreases in cardiac output and stroke volume. ATP-MgCl2 caused significant reduction in mean pulmonary artery pressure (p < 0.001), PVR (p < 0.0001), mean systemic arterial blood pressure (p < 0.003), SVR (p < 0.01), and PVR/SVR ratio (p < 0.03) with improvement in cardiac output (p < 0.001) and stroke volume (p < 0.01). The partial pressure of arterial O2 (p < 0.04), and pH (p < 0.001) were higher and the partial pressure of arterial CO2 (p < 0.02) lower in ATP-MgCl2-treated animals. Also dynamic lung compliance was higher (p < 0.001) and pulmonary airway resistance lower (p < 0.001) in treated animals. Median survival in control animals was 153 min, whereas all treated animals survived to 240 min (p < 0.001). These data demonstrate that ATP-MgCl2 ameliorates the deleterious cardiopulmonary manifestations of GBS sepsis and results in improved survival in a young animal model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health