Effects of a growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonist on telomerase activity, oxidative stress, longevity, and aging in mice

William A. Banks, John E. Morley, Susan A. Farr, Tulin O. Price, Nuran Ercal, Irving Vidaurreg, Andrew V. Schally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both deficiency and excess of growth hormone (GH) are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. GH replacement in otherwise healthy subjects leads to complications, whereas individuals with isolated GH deficiency such as Laron dwarfs show increased life span. Here, we determined the effects of treatment with the GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) receptor antagonist MZ-5-156 on aging in SAMP8 mice, a strain that develops with aging cognitive deficits and has a shortened life expectancy. Starting at age 10 mo, mice received daily s.c. injections of 10 μg/mouse of MZ-5-156. Mice treated for 4 mo with MZ-5-156 showed increased telomerase activity, improvement in some measures of oxidative stress in brain, and improved pole balance, but no change in muscle strength. MZ-5-156 improved cognition after 2 mo and 4 mo, but not after 7 mo of treatment (ages 12, 14 mo, and 17 mo, respectively). Mean life expectancy increased by 8 wk with no increase in maximal life span, and tumor incidence decreased from 10 to 1.7%. These results show that treatment with a GHRH antagonist has positive effects on some aspects of aging, including an increase in telomerase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22272-22277
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume107
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2010

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Peptide
  • Sarcopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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