The effects of a 10-week Indian culture program on the self-concept (SC), self-esteem (SE), and Indian selfesteem (ISE) of twenty Miccosukee reservation children were investigated. Controls, paired for sex and age (7-14), were twenty Seminoles of the same ethnolinguistic group. The Miccosukees were unchanged in global SC, but showed a highly significant rise in SE (actual-ideal self discrepancy), in preference for Indian over Anglo stimuli, and in the posttest r between SC and ISE. SE change, in both groups, was primarily due to modification of the ideal self. Results are interpreted in terms of dissonance theory, and their implications for self-concept testing are discussed.
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