Effects of a brief anxiety sensitivity reduction intervention on obsessive compulsive spectrum symptoms in a young adult sample

Kiara R Timpano, Amanda M. Raines, Ashley M. Shaw, Meghan E. Keough, Norman B. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been identified as a transdiagnostic cognitive risk factor for a wide range of affective disorders, including conditions within the obsessive compulsive (OC) spectrum. A growing body of research has demonstrated that directly reducing AS leads to subsequent reductions of other psychiatric symptoms, including anxiety, worry, and mood. To date, no study has examined the efficacy of a brief AS intervention on reducing OC and hoarding symptoms. Method Non-treatment seeking young adults (N = 104; 83.7% female; 81.7% Caucasian) were selected for having elevated levels of AS, and were then randomized into a single-session, computer-assisted AS intervention or a control condition. OC and hoarding symptoms were assessed at post-treatment, as well as at one week and one month follow-ups. Results Results revealed that the intervention, but not the control condition, reduced OC symptoms across the post-intervention follow-up period. Mediation analysis demonstrated that changes in AS mediated changes in OC symptoms due to the intervention. In contrast, the intervention did not have a specific effect on reducing hoarding symptoms. Conclusions These findings have important ramifications for understanding the relationship between AS and OC spectrum symptoms, and raise interesting treatment and prevention implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Anxiety
Young Adults
Mood Disorders
Psychiatry
Therapeutics
Research

Keywords

  • Anxiety sensitivity
  • Hoarding
  • Obsessive compulsive symptoms
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Effects of a brief anxiety sensitivity reduction intervention on obsessive compulsive spectrum symptoms in a young adult sample. / Timpano, Kiara R; Raines, Amanda M.; Shaw, Ashley M.; Keough, Meghan E.; Schmidt, Norman B.

In: Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 83, 01.12.2016, p. 8-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{73f141ea333040aebd585c8d3ff55b6c,
title = "Effects of a brief anxiety sensitivity reduction intervention on obsessive compulsive spectrum symptoms in a young adult sample",
abstract = "Objective Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been identified as a transdiagnostic cognitive risk factor for a wide range of affective disorders, including conditions within the obsessive compulsive (OC) spectrum. A growing body of research has demonstrated that directly reducing AS leads to subsequent reductions of other psychiatric symptoms, including anxiety, worry, and mood. To date, no study has examined the efficacy of a brief AS intervention on reducing OC and hoarding symptoms. Method Non-treatment seeking young adults (N = 104; 83.7{\%} female; 81.7{\%} Caucasian) were selected for having elevated levels of AS, and were then randomized into a single-session, computer-assisted AS intervention or a control condition. OC and hoarding symptoms were assessed at post-treatment, as well as at one week and one month follow-ups. Results Results revealed that the intervention, but not the control condition, reduced OC symptoms across the post-intervention follow-up period. Mediation analysis demonstrated that changes in AS mediated changes in OC symptoms due to the intervention. In contrast, the intervention did not have a specific effect on reducing hoarding symptoms. Conclusions These findings have important ramifications for understanding the relationship between AS and OC spectrum symptoms, and raise interesting treatment and prevention implications.",
keywords = "Anxiety sensitivity, Hoarding, Obsessive compulsive symptoms, Prevention",
author = "Timpano, {Kiara R} and Raines, {Amanda M.} and Shaw, {Ashley M.} and Keough, {Meghan E.} and Schmidt, {Norman B.}",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.07.022",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "8--15",
journal = "Journal of Psychiatric Research",
issn = "0022-3956",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a brief anxiety sensitivity reduction intervention on obsessive compulsive spectrum symptoms in a young adult sample

AU - Timpano, Kiara R

AU - Raines, Amanda M.

AU - Shaw, Ashley M.

AU - Keough, Meghan E.

AU - Schmidt, Norman B.

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Objective Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been identified as a transdiagnostic cognitive risk factor for a wide range of affective disorders, including conditions within the obsessive compulsive (OC) spectrum. A growing body of research has demonstrated that directly reducing AS leads to subsequent reductions of other psychiatric symptoms, including anxiety, worry, and mood. To date, no study has examined the efficacy of a brief AS intervention on reducing OC and hoarding symptoms. Method Non-treatment seeking young adults (N = 104; 83.7% female; 81.7% Caucasian) were selected for having elevated levels of AS, and were then randomized into a single-session, computer-assisted AS intervention or a control condition. OC and hoarding symptoms were assessed at post-treatment, as well as at one week and one month follow-ups. Results Results revealed that the intervention, but not the control condition, reduced OC symptoms across the post-intervention follow-up period. Mediation analysis demonstrated that changes in AS mediated changes in OC symptoms due to the intervention. In contrast, the intervention did not have a specific effect on reducing hoarding symptoms. Conclusions These findings have important ramifications for understanding the relationship between AS and OC spectrum symptoms, and raise interesting treatment and prevention implications.

AB - Objective Anxiety sensitivity (AS) has been identified as a transdiagnostic cognitive risk factor for a wide range of affective disorders, including conditions within the obsessive compulsive (OC) spectrum. A growing body of research has demonstrated that directly reducing AS leads to subsequent reductions of other psychiatric symptoms, including anxiety, worry, and mood. To date, no study has examined the efficacy of a brief AS intervention on reducing OC and hoarding symptoms. Method Non-treatment seeking young adults (N = 104; 83.7% female; 81.7% Caucasian) were selected for having elevated levels of AS, and were then randomized into a single-session, computer-assisted AS intervention or a control condition. OC and hoarding symptoms were assessed at post-treatment, as well as at one week and one month follow-ups. Results Results revealed that the intervention, but not the control condition, reduced OC symptoms across the post-intervention follow-up period. Mediation analysis demonstrated that changes in AS mediated changes in OC symptoms due to the intervention. In contrast, the intervention did not have a specific effect on reducing hoarding symptoms. Conclusions These findings have important ramifications for understanding the relationship between AS and OC spectrum symptoms, and raise interesting treatment and prevention implications.

KW - Anxiety sensitivity

KW - Hoarding

KW - Obsessive compulsive symptoms

KW - Prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84981210833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84981210833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.07.022

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.07.022

M3 - Article

C2 - 27522321

AN - SCOPUS:84981210833

VL - 83

SP - 8

EP - 15

JO - Journal of Psychiatric Research

JF - Journal of Psychiatric Research

SN - 0022-3956

ER -