Effects of 100 % oxygen during exercise in patients with interstitial lung disease

Jeffry Cournoyer, Carol F. Ramos, Brian Sturgill, Fei Tang, Nicole DeLuca, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Robert M. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Hypoxemia limits exercise in some patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). High levels of supplemental oxygen during exercise might allow physical training at a higher level and more effective pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Our goals were to use graded cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determine whether hyperoxia (FIO2≈1.0) increased exercise tolerance in patients with mild to moderate ILD. Methods: We studied 6 patients with ILD, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The study population included 3 females and 3 males (age 69 ± 5 [SD] years; FVC 61 ± 14 %; absolute DLCO 53 ± 19 %). Subjects underwent 2 ramped (15 W/min) CPET protocols on a cycle ergometer (Jaeger Oxycon Pro™, CareFusion Respiratory Care) breathing either air or oxygen (FIO2≈1.0) from a Douglas bag in random order. Results: Minute ventilation (VE) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 18 ± 2 [SEM] L/min; post CPET, 47 ± 6; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 15 ± 3 [SEM]; post CPET, 29 ± 9; P = 0.06). Likewise, carbon dioxide production (VCO2) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 450 ± 93 [SEM] mL/min; post CPET, 1311 ± 200; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 369 ± 129; post CPET, 847 ± 832; P = 0.09). Exercise time during CPET did not differ significantly (P = 0.34) in air (5.6 ± 0.9 [SEM] min) or oxygen (7.0 ± 1.8). Increases in heart rate (HR) and Borg dyspnea index (BDI) after CPET were not affected by breathing oxygen. Conclusion: Exercise-induced increases in VE and VCO2 were prevented by breathing pure oxygen during CPET, demonstrating both decreased ventilatory drive and more efficient exercise at achieved workloads. Hyperoxia could enhance the ability of patients with ILD to train at higher workloads, resulting in more effective rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103367
JournalRespiratory Physiology and Neurobiology
Volume274
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Fingerprint

Interstitial Lung Diseases
Exercise
Oxygen
Respiration
Air
Breathing Exercises
Hyperoxia
Workload
Ventilation
Rehabilitation
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Exercise Tolerance

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary exercise testing
  • Hyperoxia
  • Interstitial lung diseases
  • Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Effects of 100 % oxygen during exercise in patients with interstitial lung disease. / Cournoyer, Jeffry; Ramos, Carol F.; Sturgill, Brian; Tang, Fei; DeLuca, Nicole; Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; Jackson, Robert M.

In: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, Vol. 274, 103367, 03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cournoyer, Jeffry ; Ramos, Carol F. ; Sturgill, Brian ; Tang, Fei ; DeLuca, Nicole ; Mirsaeidi, Mehdi ; Jackson, Robert M. / Effects of 100 % oxygen during exercise in patients with interstitial lung disease. In: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology. 2020 ; Vol. 274.
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abstract = "Purpose: Hypoxemia limits exercise in some patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). High levels of supplemental oxygen during exercise might allow physical training at a higher level and more effective pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Our goals were to use graded cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determine whether hyperoxia (FIO2≈1.0) increased exercise tolerance in patients with mild to moderate ILD. Methods: We studied 6 patients with ILD, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The study population included 3 females and 3 males (age 69 ± 5 [SD] years; FVC 61 ± 14 {\%}; absolute DLCO 53 ± 19 {\%}). Subjects underwent 2 ramped (15 W/min) CPET protocols on a cycle ergometer (Jaeger Oxycon Pro™, CareFusion Respiratory Care) breathing either air or oxygen (FIO2≈1.0) from a Douglas bag in random order. Results: Minute ventilation (VE) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 18 ± 2 [SEM] L/min; post CPET, 47 ± 6; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 15 ± 3 [SEM]; post CPET, 29 ± 9; P = 0.06). Likewise, carbon dioxide production (VCO2) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 450 ± 93 [SEM] mL/min; post CPET, 1311 ± 200; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 369 ± 129; post CPET, 847 ± 832; P = 0.09). Exercise time during CPET did not differ significantly (P = 0.34) in air (5.6 ± 0.9 [SEM] min) or oxygen (7.0 ± 1.8). Increases in heart rate (HR) and Borg dyspnea index (BDI) after CPET were not affected by breathing oxygen. Conclusion: Exercise-induced increases in VE and VCO2 were prevented by breathing pure oxygen during CPET, demonstrating both decreased ventilatory drive and more efficient exercise at achieved workloads. Hyperoxia could enhance the ability of patients with ILD to train at higher workloads, resulting in more effective rehabilitation.",
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AU - Cournoyer, Jeffry

AU - Ramos, Carol F.

AU - Sturgill, Brian

AU - Tang, Fei

AU - DeLuca, Nicole

AU - Mirsaeidi, Mehdi

AU - Jackson, Robert M.

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N2 - Purpose: Hypoxemia limits exercise in some patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). High levels of supplemental oxygen during exercise might allow physical training at a higher level and more effective pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Our goals were to use graded cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determine whether hyperoxia (FIO2≈1.0) increased exercise tolerance in patients with mild to moderate ILD. Methods: We studied 6 patients with ILD, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The study population included 3 females and 3 males (age 69 ± 5 [SD] years; FVC 61 ± 14 %; absolute DLCO 53 ± 19 %). Subjects underwent 2 ramped (15 W/min) CPET protocols on a cycle ergometer (Jaeger Oxycon Pro™, CareFusion Respiratory Care) breathing either air or oxygen (FIO2≈1.0) from a Douglas bag in random order. Results: Minute ventilation (VE) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 18 ± 2 [SEM] L/min; post CPET, 47 ± 6; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 15 ± 3 [SEM]; post CPET, 29 ± 9; P = 0.06). Likewise, carbon dioxide production (VCO2) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 450 ± 93 [SEM] mL/min; post CPET, 1311 ± 200; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 369 ± 129; post CPET, 847 ± 832; P = 0.09). Exercise time during CPET did not differ significantly (P = 0.34) in air (5.6 ± 0.9 [SEM] min) or oxygen (7.0 ± 1.8). Increases in heart rate (HR) and Borg dyspnea index (BDI) after CPET were not affected by breathing oxygen. Conclusion: Exercise-induced increases in VE and VCO2 were prevented by breathing pure oxygen during CPET, demonstrating both decreased ventilatory drive and more efficient exercise at achieved workloads. Hyperoxia could enhance the ability of patients with ILD to train at higher workloads, resulting in more effective rehabilitation.

AB - Purpose: Hypoxemia limits exercise in some patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). High levels of supplemental oxygen during exercise might allow physical training at a higher level and more effective pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Our goals were to use graded cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determine whether hyperoxia (FIO2≈1.0) increased exercise tolerance in patients with mild to moderate ILD. Methods: We studied 6 patients with ILD, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The study population included 3 females and 3 males (age 69 ± 5 [SD] years; FVC 61 ± 14 %; absolute DLCO 53 ± 19 %). Subjects underwent 2 ramped (15 W/min) CPET protocols on a cycle ergometer (Jaeger Oxycon Pro™, CareFusion Respiratory Care) breathing either air or oxygen (FIO2≈1.0) from a Douglas bag in random order. Results: Minute ventilation (VE) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 18 ± 2 [SEM] L/min; post CPET, 47 ± 6; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 15 ± 3 [SEM]; post CPET, 29 ± 9; P = 0.06). Likewise, carbon dioxide production (VCO2) increased significantly during CPET breathing air (pre CPET, 450 ± 93 [SEM] mL/min; post CPET, 1311 ± 200; P = 0.01), but it did not increase significantly breathing oxygen (pre CPET, 369 ± 129; post CPET, 847 ± 832; P = 0.09). Exercise time during CPET did not differ significantly (P = 0.34) in air (5.6 ± 0.9 [SEM] min) or oxygen (7.0 ± 1.8). Increases in heart rate (HR) and Borg dyspnea index (BDI) after CPET were not affected by breathing oxygen. Conclusion: Exercise-induced increases in VE and VCO2 were prevented by breathing pure oxygen during CPET, demonstrating both decreased ventilatory drive and more efficient exercise at achieved workloads. Hyperoxia could enhance the ability of patients with ILD to train at higher workloads, resulting in more effective rehabilitation.

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