Effectiveness of HIV interventions among women drug users

H. Virginia McCoy, Clyde B McCoy, Shenghan Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A prospective cohort study was conducted among chronic injecting and crack cocaine drug using women. The hypothesis tested was that participation in a standard-plus-innovative intervention was more likely to produce behavior change than participation in a standard intervention. Standardized intervention protocols and corresponding instruments were designed. Data were collected on drug and sex risk behaviors at baseline and six-month follow-up intervals. The level of behavioral change in two intervention arms - standard and a standard-plus-innovative intervention - was measured by composite sex risk and drug risk scores using the generalized estimating equation approach. The results show that on four risk measures the enhanced intervention was significantly associated with positive change in both drug use and sexual behavior: less frequent drug use, less drug use during sex, and more frequent condom use during particular frequencies for specific types of sexual activities. Public health interventions are effective when targeting specific risk behaviors through interventions tailored to prevent HIV and reduce risk behaviors among specific cultural and gender groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-66
Number of pages18
JournalWomen and Health
Volume27
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 1998

Fingerprint

Drug Users
HIV
drug
Risk-Taking
Sexual Behavior
Pharmaceutical Preparations
risk behavior
drug use
Crack Cocaine
Condoms
sex behavior
participation
Cohort Studies
Public Health
Prospective Studies
public health
gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Gender Studies

Cite this

Effectiveness of HIV interventions among women drug users. / McCoy, H. Virginia; McCoy, Clyde B; Lai, Shenghan.

In: Women and Health, Vol. 27, No. 1-2, 18.07.1998, p. 49-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCoy, H. Virginia ; McCoy, Clyde B ; Lai, Shenghan. / Effectiveness of HIV interventions among women drug users. In: Women and Health. 1998 ; Vol. 27, No. 1-2. pp. 49-66.
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