Effectiveness of a CD-ROM multimedia tutorial in transferring cognitive knowledge essential for laparoscopic skill training

James C. Rosser, Björn Herman, Donald A. Risucci, Michinori Murayama, Ludie E. Rosser, Ronald C. Merrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) can benefit surgical education by improving efficiency, effectiveness, standardization, and access. This study compares knowledge gains for laparoscopic skill acquisition following a standardized tutorial delivered via CD-ROM versus live instructor. Methods: A standardized tutorial was written and subsequently converted to multimedia CD-ROM format by its author (JR). During a laparoscopic development course, experienced US-trained surgeons (n = 52) participated in the tutorial delivered live by the author. The CD-ROM tutorial replaced the instructor for the following groups: (1) experienced US-trained surgeons (n = 27); (2) US-trained surgical residents (n = 59); and (3) Greek surgeons (n = 63). A 51-item knowledge test was administered before and after tutorial instruction. Results: The mean increase in scores between pretest and posttest was significant (P <0.01) and of similar magnitude in each group, with nonsignificant posttest mean differences among US-trained groups. Conclusions: The CD-ROM tutorial effectively transfers cognitive information necessary for skill development. Distance learning modes of this tutorial program may be feasible. Copyright (C) 2000 Excerpta Medica Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-324
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume179
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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