Effective multi-level, multi-sector, school-based obesity prevention programming improves weight, blood pressure, and academic performance, especially among low-income, minority children.

Danielle Hollar, Michelle Lombardo, Gabriella Lopez-Mitnik, Theodore L. Hollar, Marie Almon, Arthur S. Agatston, Sarah E. Messiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Successfully addressing childhood onset obesity requires multilevel (individual, community, and governmental), multi-agency collaboration. METHODS: The Healthier Options for Public Schoolchildren (HOPS)/OrganWise Guys (OWG) quasi-experimental controlled pilot study (four intervention schools, one control school, total N=3,769; 50.2% Hispanic) was an elementary school-based obesity prevention intervention designed to keep children at a normal, healthy weight, and improve health status and academic achievement. The HOPS/OWG included the following replicable, holistic components: (1) modified dietary offerings, (2) nutrition/lifestyle educational curricula; (3) physical activity component; and (4) wellness projects. Demographic, anthropometric (body mass index [BMI]), blood pressure, and academic data were collected during the two-year study period (2004-6). RESULTS: Statistically significant improvements in BMI, blood pressure, and academic scores, among low-income Hispanic and White children in particular, were seen in the intervention versus controls. CONCLUSION: Holistic school-based obesity prevention interventions can improve health outcomes and academic performance, in particular among high-risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-108
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Volume21
Issue number2 Suppl
StatePublished - May 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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