Effect of work-function and morphology of heterostructure components on CO2 reduction photo-catalytic activity of MoS2-Cu2O heterostructure

Shreya Singh, Rajat Punia, Kamal Kishore Pant, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Photocatalysis possesses a high potential to utilize solar energy to meet the rising energy demands, however it suffers from various challenges such as fast recombination of the photo-generated electron–hole pairs and low thermodynamic reaction feasibility in the low band-gap materials. Rationally engineered heterostructure photocatalysts possess higher activity compared to their individual components primarily due to spatial separation of photo-generated electron–hole pairs. In this work, we synthesized several MoS2-Cu2O heterostructures, by modulating the electronic and structural properties of the heterostructure components. Heterostructures formed using MoS2 with p-type intrinsic conductivity has shown higher photocatalytic activity, with methanol production yield up to 76 μmol.gcat−1.h−1, compared to n-type MoS2-based heterostructures due to direct Z-scheme and type-II charge transfer mechanism of photo-generated electron–hole pairs respectively. Further, heterostructures formed with Cu2O nanoparticles of cubic morphology with dominantly {100} facets shows (a) higher binding affinity with MoS2 (b) lower recombination of photo-generated electron–hole pairs and (c) higher methanol yield, compared to Cu2O nanoparticles with cubo-octahedron morphology with dominantly {111} facets. This study highlights the important role of work-function and morphology of the heterostructure components in modulating the photo-activity and paves the way for the rational engineering of heterostructure photocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number132709
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Direct Z-scheme and Type-II charge transfer mechanism
  • MoS work-function modulation, CuO cubic and cubo-octahedron morphologies
  • MoS-CuO heterostructure
  • Photocatalytic CO reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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