Effect of thyroid hormone excess and deficiency on serum thyrotropin in rats immunized passively with antiserum to somatostatin

A. Gordin, A. Arimura, Andrew V Schally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Passive immunization of rats with antiserum to somatostatin (anti SS) caused about a 2 fold increase in the basal serum TSH levels and a 2.5 fold rise in serum TSH after TRH, as compared to rats treated with normal sheep serum (NSS). When the basal and the TRH stimulated TSH levels were suppressed to about half the control levels with 100 ng of T3/100 g BW, the neutralization of the endogenous somatostatin secretion with anti SS significantly increased the basal as well as the post TRH TSH levels. After administration of 200 ng of T3/100 g BW, the basal TSH levels in the anti SS and NSS treated animals were the same, but, in response to TRH, the TSH levels rose significantly higher in the anti SS treated group. When higher doses of T3 (1 and 10 μg/100 g BW) were given, anti SS failed to effect the basal or the post TRH TSH levels. The elevated TSH levels 1 and 3 days after thyroidectomy were further increased by treatment with anti SS as compared to NSS. The highly elevated level of TSH on the seventh day after thyroidectomy was, however, not affected by anti SS. These findings indicate that somatostatin modulates the TSH secretion rate under physiological conditions and can be considered with TRH and thyroid hormones as another regulator of TSH secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-323
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume153
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

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Thyrotropin
Somatostatin
Thyroid Hormones
Rats
Immune Sera
Serum
Sheep
Thyroidectomy
Immunization
Passive Immunization
Level control
Animals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Passive immunization of rats with antiserum to somatostatin (anti SS) caused about a 2 fold increase in the basal serum TSH levels and a 2.5 fold rise in serum TSH after TRH, as compared to rats treated with normal sheep serum (NSS). When the basal and the TRH stimulated TSH levels were suppressed to about half the control levels with 100 ng of T3/100 g BW, the neutralization of the endogenous somatostatin secretion with anti SS significantly increased the basal as well as the post TRH TSH levels. After administration of 200 ng of T3/100 g BW, the basal TSH levels in the anti SS and NSS treated animals were the same, but, in response to TRH, the TSH levels rose significantly higher in the anti SS treated group. When higher doses of T3 (1 and 10 μg/100 g BW) were given, anti SS failed to effect the basal or the post TRH TSH levels. The elevated TSH levels 1 and 3 days after thyroidectomy were further increased by treatment with anti SS as compared to NSS. The highly elevated level of TSH on the seventh day after thyroidectomy was, however, not affected by anti SS. These findings indicate that somatostatin modulates the TSH secretion rate under physiological conditions and can be considered with TRH and thyroid hormones as another regulator of TSH secretion.",
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AU - Arimura, A.

AU - Schally, Andrew V

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