Prostaglandin (PG) D<inf>2</inf> elicits responses through either the DP<inf>1</inf> and/or DP<inf>2</inf> receptor. Experimental evidence suggests that stimulation of the DP<inf>1</inf> receptor contributes to allergic responses, such that antagonists are considered to be directed therapies for allergic diseases. In this study, we demonstrate the activity of a novel synthetic DP<inf>1</inf> receptor antagonist termed asapiprant (S-555739) for the DP<inf>1</inf> receptor and other receptors in vitro, and assess the efficacy of asapiprant in several animal models of allergic diseases. We determined the affinity and selectivity of asapiprant for the DP<inf>1</inf> receptor in binding assays. In the animal models of allergic rhinitis, changes in nasal resistance, nasal secretion, and cell infiltration in nasal mucosa were assessed after antigen challenge with and without asapiprant. Similarly, in the animal models of asthma, the effect of antigen challenge with and without asapiprant on antigen-induced bronchoconstriction, airway hyper-responsiveness, mucin production, and cell infiltration in lung were assessed. In binding studies, asapiprant exhibited high affinity and selectivity for the DP<inf>1</inf> receptor. Significant suppression of antigen-induced nasal resistance, nasal secretion, and cell infiltration in nasal mucosa was observed with asapiprant treatment. In addition, treatment with asapiprant suppressed antigen-induced asthmatic responses, airway hyper-responsiveness, and cell infiltration and mucin production in lung. These results show that asapiprant is a potent and selective DP<inf>1</inf> receptor antagonist, and exerts suppressive effects in the animal models of allergic diseases. Thus, asapiprant has potential as a novel therapy for allergic airway diseases.
- Allergic rhinitis
- Nasal congestion
- Prostaglandin D<inf>2</inf>
- Synthetic DP<inf>1</inf> receptorantagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas