Effect of the glycine antagonist gavestinel on cerebral infarcts in acute stroke patients, a randomized placebo-controlled trial: The GAIN MRI substudy

Steven Warach, David Kaufman, David Chiu, Thomas Devlin, Marie Luby, Ajaz Rashid, Linda Clayton, Markku Kaste, Kennedy R. Lees, Ralph Sacco, Marc Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Gavestinel, GV150526, is a selective antagonist at the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. The safety and efficacy of GV150526 were studied in two phase III randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials of acute ischemic stroke patients within 6 h from onset [The Glycine Antagonist in Neuroprotection (GAIN) International and GAIN Americas Trials]. A planned MRI substudy within these trials investigated the effect of gavestinel on infarct volume. Methods: Patients enrolled in the GAIN trials at designated MRI substudy sites were eligible if they had a pretreatment acute cortical lesion on diffusion-weighted MRI of at least 1.5 cm diameter or 5 cm 3. Final lesion assessment was performed on T2-weighted MRI at month 3. Blinded image analysis was performed centrally. The primary hypothesis was that gavestinel would attenuate lesion growth from baseline relative to placebo. Results: A total of 106 patients were eligible, 75 (34 gavestinel, 41 placebo) of whom had month 3 scans (primary analysis population). No effects of gavestinel on infarct volume were observed in the primary or other analyses. However, significant associations of lesion volume to clinical severity and outcomes were observed. Ischemic lesion volume decrease was predictive of substantial clinical improvement. Conclusion: Consistent with the clinical outcomes in the GAIN trials, no effects of gavestinel on ischemic infarction was observed. Concordance of results of the clinical outcome trials with those of this infarct volume substudy as well the associations of infarct volume to clinical outcomes further support the potential role of infarct volume as a marker of outcome in dose finding and proof of principle acute stroke trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-111
Number of pages6
JournalCerebrovascular Diseases
Volume21
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diffusion MRI
  • Gavestinel
  • Neuroprotection
  • Placebo-controlled clinical trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Warach, S., Kaufman, D., Chiu, D., Devlin, T., Luby, M., Rashid, A., Clayton, L., Kaste, M., Lees, K. R., Sacco, R., & Fisher, M. (2006). Effect of the glycine antagonist gavestinel on cerebral infarcts in acute stroke patients, a randomized placebo-controlled trial: The GAIN MRI substudy. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 21(1-2), 106-111. https://doi.org/10.1159/000090208