Effect of the application of venous tourniquets on blood volume

Philip Samet, William H. Bernstein, Robert J. Boucek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rotating and nonrotating venous tourniquets were applied to the extremities at pressure levels of 5 to 10 mm. Hg below the diastolic blood pressure in twenty-five and twenty-three studies, respectively. This procedure resulted in only modest decreases in plasma volume and red cell mass, totaling less than 5 per cent of the total blood volume. Similar results were obtained in subjects studied during congestive heart failure (but not acute pulmonary edema) and in patients with compensated cardiac disease. The physiologic mechanism responsible for the clinical improvement noted with application of venous tourniquets in acute left ventricular failure is, therefore, uncertain. Several alternative mechanisms remain to be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-373
Number of pages5
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume8
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1961
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tourniquets
Blood Volume
Erythrocyte Volume
Blood Pressure
Plasma Volume
Pulmonary Edema
Heart Diseases
Extremities
Heart Failure
Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Samet, P., Bernstein, W. H., & Boucek, R. J. (1961). Effect of the application of venous tourniquets on blood volume. The American journal of cardiology, 8(3), 369-373.

Effect of the application of venous tourniquets on blood volume. / Samet, Philip; Bernstein, William H.; Boucek, Robert J.

In: The American journal of cardiology, Vol. 8, No. 3, 01.09.1961, p. 369-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Samet, P, Bernstein, WH & Boucek, RJ 1961, 'Effect of the application of venous tourniquets on blood volume', The American journal of cardiology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 369-373.
Samet, Philip ; Bernstein, William H. ; Boucek, Robert J. / Effect of the application of venous tourniquets on blood volume. In: The American journal of cardiology. 1961 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 369-373.
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