Quantitative determinations of serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP) by radioimmunoassay in 193 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma have demonstrated a wide variation in serum levels that appear to be relatively constant for each patient by the time that diagnosis is made. If there is no therapeutic intervention the serum AFP usually follows a gradual increase as the tumor progresses. A few patients have a fall in serum AFP as a preterminal event. Various forms of chemotherapy cause only minor and transient decrease in serum AFP. Surgical resection of tumor produces an immediate fall that parallels the catabolic decay rate for AFP. All AFP positive patients treated with surgery had recurrence of their tumor with a rise in serum AFP preceding clinical discovery. The correlation of serum AFP and effective treatment is demonstration of the usefulness of this oncofetal protein marker as an indicator of neoplastic activity for hepatocellular carcinoma and tumors with embryonal cell components and possibly for some other entodermally derived neoplasms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Feb 1976|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research