Effect of simvastatin on endothelial cell apoptosis mediated by Fas and TNF-α

Nicolas Acquavella, Maria F. Quiroga, Olga Wittig, Jose E. Cardier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although there is evidence suggesting that statins may exert an endothelial protecting effect, recent in vitro data have shown that these compounds may induce endothelial cells (EC) apoptosis. We previously reported that the Fas-death receptor may induce apoptosis of the liver sinusoid endothelial cells (LSEC), and that TNF-α increases the susceptibility of these cells to suffer Fas-mediated apoptosis. Based on this evidence, in this study, we investigated the effect of simvastatin on Fas-mediated LSEC apoptosis. Simvastatin induced a significant reduction in LSEC viability, in a dose dependent manner, under serum-containing or serum-free conditions. This effect was prevented by mevalonate and GGPP, indicating the role of hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase. The simvastatin effect on LSEC death was not associated with increased activation of caspase-3. We found that simvastatin increased the susceptibility of LSEC death mediated by Fas. Further, simvastatin increased LSEC-apoptosis induced by Fas and TNF-α. Mevalonate and GGPP partially prevented simvastatin-induced sensitization to LSEC death mediated by Jo2 and TNF-α, but not Jo2 alone. Simvastatin did not induce up-regulation of the Fas on the LSEC. Our results provide evidence of simvastatin in modulating Fas-mediated apoptosis in endothelial cells. These results may have clinical implications in those clinical conditions associated with high levels of FasL and TNF-α.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalCytokine
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Endothelial cells
  • Fas
  • Simvastatin
  • TNF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Molecular Biology

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    Acquavella, N., Quiroga, M. F., Wittig, O., & Cardier, J. E. (2010). Effect of simvastatin on endothelial cell apoptosis mediated by Fas and TNF-α. Cytokine, 49(1), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2009.09.011