Effect of race and marital status on mothers' observed parenting and adolescent adjustment in youth with type 1 diabetes

Jadienne H. Lord, Mackenzie T. Young, Meredith A. Gruhn, Margaret Grey, Alan M Delamater, Sarah S. Jaser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine demographic differences in parenting behaviors and adjustment in youth with type 1 diabetes. Methods Adolescents' psychosocial adjustment was assessed via self-reports and parent reports, and clinical data were obtained from adolescents' medical records. Mother-adolescent dyads (N = 93) engaged in a videotaped discussion task, which was coded for observed parenting behaviors. Results Single and non-White mothers exhibited significantly more overinvolved and less collaborative parenting behaviors. Higher levels of overinvolved parenting and lower levels of collaborative parenting were associated with poorer adolescent adjustment (i.e., higher levels of externalizing problems). Observed parenting was not significantly associated with glycemic control. There was an indirect effect of marital status and race/ethnicity on externalizing behaviors through parenting. Conclusions The current study highlights parenting as a potential target for interventions, especially in single and minority mothers, to improve adjustment in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-143
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • adjustment
  • adolescent
  • observational methods
  • parenting
  • type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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