Effect of physician specialty on counseling practices and medical referral patterns among physicians caring for disadvantaged human immunodeficiency vires-infected populations

W. A. Duffus, M. Barragan, L. Metsch, C. S. Krawczyk, A. M. Loughlin, L. I. Gardner, P. Anderson-Mahoney, G. Dickinson, Carlos Del Rio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data regarding the care and management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients provided by infectious diseases (ID)-trained physicians, compared with data for care and management provided by other specialists, are limited. Here, we report results of a self-administered survey sent to 317 physicians (response rate, 76%) in 4 metropolitan areas of the United States who were identified as providing care to disadvantaged HIV-infected patients. ID-trained physicians who responded that they strongly agreed or somewhat agreed that they had enough time to care for their HIV-infected patients were more likely than were non-ID-trained physicians to provide therapy-adherence counseling. Physicians with ≥50 patients in care and ID-trained physicians were less likely to always discuss condom use and risk reduction for HIV transmission. Factors significantly associated with referring rather than treating HIV-infected patients with hypertension or diabetes included having <50 patients in care, being an ID-trained physician, and practicing in a private practice. These results suggest the need for targeted physician training on the importance of HIV transmission prevention counseling, increasing the duration of patient visits, and improving strategies for generalist-specialist comanagement of HIV-infected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1584
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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