Effect of phase transition on the distribution of membrane-associated particles in microsomes

Wilfried Duppel, Gerhard Dahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. 1 Rat liver microsomes were studied by freeze-fracture electron microscopy. The distribution of membrane-associated particles indicated the right-side-out orientation of microsomal vesicles. Studies at different temperatures were performed. At 30°C membrane-associated particles are randomly distributed on membrane A-faces, while aggregations of particles are observed at 4°C. 2. 2 Aggregation is dependent on the cooling rates. It can be prevented by shock-freezing. 3. 3 Particle aggregation is also prevented by cholesterol, added to the microsomes in equal molar ratio to the microsomal phospholipid content. 4. 4 These findings suggest that particle aggregation is caused by a partial freezing-out of phospholipid molecules during the phase transition from the liquid-crystalline to the gel state. 5. 5 The results are discussed with respect to an observed increase in activation energy of microsomal drug monooxygenation at lower temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-417
Number of pages10
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume426
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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