The central excitatory amino acid (EAA) neurotransmitter glutamate has been shown to mediate the ventilatory response to hypoxia through N-methyl- D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in anesthetized adult animals. To determine the role of the EAA glutamate in the neonatal ventilatory response to hypoxia, 19 unanesthetized chronically instrumented piglets were studied. Minute ventilation (V̇E), oxygen consumption (V̇O2), arterial blood pressure (ABP), heart rate (HR), and blood gases were measured in room air (RA) and after 1, 5, and 10 min of hypoxia (inspired oxygen fraction = 0.10) before and after an infusion of saline or CGS-19755, a competitive NMDA-receptor blocker (10 mg/kg iv). Nine control piglets [age 6 ± 1 (SD) days; weight 2.02 ± 0.40 kg] and 10 CGS-19755-treated animals (age 6 ± 1 days; weight 1.90 ± 0.66 kg) were studied during quiet sleep and in a thermoneutral environment. There was a marked decrease in the V̇E response to hypoxia after the administration of CGS-19755. The ventilatory response to hypoxia was not modified by saline infusion. Changes in ABP and arterial PO2 during hypoxia were similar between groups, whereas the decrease in arterial PCO2 was significantly less after CGS-19755 administration. The increase in HR with hypoxia was eliminated by the NMDA-receptor blocker administration. V̇O2 decreased with hypoxia in both groups, but this decrease was more marked after the NMDA-receptor blockade. These results suggest that the central EAA glutamate mediates, at least in part, the hypoxic hyperventilation in unanesthetized newborn piglets.
- cardiorespiratory response to hypoxia
- newborn animals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation