Effect of mild hypothermia on ischemia-induced release of neurotransmitters and free fatty acids in rat brain

R. Busto, M. Y T Globus, W. Dalton Dietrich, E. Martinez, I. Valdes, Myron Ginsberg

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We have demonstrated previously that mild intraischemic hypothermia confers a marked protective effect on the final histopathological outcome. The present study was carried out to evaluate whether this protective effect involves changes in the degree of local cerebral blood flow reductions, tissue accumulation of free fatty acids, or alterations in the extracellular release of glutamate and dopamine. Rats whose intraischemic brain temperature was maintained at 36°C, 33°C, or 30°C were subjected to 20 minutes of ischemia by four-vessel occlusion combined with systemic hypotension. Levels of local cerebral blood flow, as measured autoradiographically, were reduced uniformly in all experimental animals at the end of the ischemic period. Cortical and striatal free fatty acid levels were measured at the end of ischemia by gas chromatography after tissue extraction and separation by thin layer chromatography. A massive ischemia-induced accumulation of individual free fatty acids was observed in animal groups whose intraischemic brain temperature was maintained at either 36°C or 30°C. Extracellular neurotransmitter levels were measured by microdialysis; the perfusate was collected before, during, and after ischemia. In rats whose intraischemic brain temperature was maintained at 36°C, dopamine and glutamate increased significantly during ischemia and the early period of recirculation (by 500-fold and sevenfold, respectively). In animals whose brain temperature was maintained at 33°C and 30°C, the release of glutamate was completely inhibited, and the release of dopamine was significantly attenuated (by 60%). These results suggest that mild intraischemic hypothermia does not affect the ischemia-induced local cerebral blood flow reduction or free fatty acid accumulation. One of the mechanisms by which small variations in brain temperature exert their protective effect may involve the reduction of ischemia-induced glutamate and dopamine release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904- 910
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)

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