We have recently reported that methotrexate (MTX) causes degenerative as well as reactive-like astroglial changes and alters the cell cycle kinetics of astrocytes in vitro. To further characterize the nature of the reactive-like changes that were noted by light and electron microscopy following MTX exposure, the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) content of astrocytes in culture was investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry and double-immunofluorescent staining. An increase in GFAP content which did not correlate with drug dosage or DNA synthesis was noted in the MTX-treated cultures. It is postulated that this increase in GFAP content of astrocytes reflects an adaptive response to MTX-induced injury and partly explains the gliosis that is seen in methotrexate encephalopathy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology|
|State||Published - Mar 1991|
- Glial fibrillary acidic protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine