Effect of IVIG administration on complement activation and HLA antibody levels: ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Takafumi MacHimoto, Giselle Guerra, George Burke, Frederick Jay Fricker, Jane Colona, Phillip Ruiz, Herwig Ulf Meier-Kriesche, Juan Scornik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to determine if there are changes on complement (C) activation and concentration of HLA antibodies (Abs) in patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). The patients evaluated were given IVIG as treatment of Ab-mediated rejection or desensitization. The patients' sera obtained before and after IVIG administration were tested for their effects on the deposition of both IgG (HLA Abs) and C3b (C activation) as measured by flow cytometry on T cells. IVIG consistently inhibited C activation when measured shortly after IVIG infusion but returned to the initial levels at 2-4 weeks, when total serum IgG also returned to pre-infusion levels. C inhibition was more pronounced with higher IVIG doses and the degree of inhibition was inversely proportional to the HLA Ab concentrations. IVIG did not block the binding of HLA Abs immediately after administration, although levels were slightly but consistently lower after several monthly IVIG infusions. The data show that C inhibition by IVIG is short-lived and that IVIG induces only a mild reduction of HLA Abs, seen not immediately but after months of treatment. These results may explain the inconsistent results of IVIG to achieve desensitization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1022
Number of pages8
JournalTransplant International
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • complement
  • HLA antibodies
  • intravenous immunoglobulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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