Effect of hydrogels containing nanosilica on the properties of cement pastes

Babak Vafaei, Khashayar Farzanian, Ali Ghahremaninezhad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of hydrogels containing nanosilica (NSi) on the autogenous shrinkage, mechanical strength, and electrical resistivity of cement pastes was studied. The interaction between the hydrogels and the surrounding cementitious matrix was examined using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The addition of hydrogels decreased autogenous shrinkage in the cement pastes and this reduction showed a dependence on the concentration of NSi in the hydrogels. Compressive strength and electrical resistivity were reduced in the cement pastes with hydrogels and this reduction was decreased with increased concentration of NSi in the hydrogel. A change in the phase composition of the cement paste in the region close to the hydrogel was noted, compared to the region away from the hydrogel. In a lime solution with increased pH and temperature, Ca(OH)2 and CaCO3 were found to form within the hydrogels; evidence of calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) formation in the hydrogels with NSi was obtained, indicating the possible pozzolanic potential of the hydrogels with NSi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cement paste
  • Hydrogel
  • NSi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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