Effect of gas diffusion layer compression on PEM fuel cell performance

Jiabin Ge, Andrew Higier, Hongtan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

207 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gas diffusion layer (GDL) plays a very important role in the performance of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells. The amount of compression on the GDL affects the contact resistance, the GDL porosity, and the fraction of the pores occupied by liquid water, which, in turn, affect the performance of a PEM fuel cell. In order to study the effects of GDL compression on fuel cell performance a unique fuel cell test fixture was designed and created such that, without disassembling the fuel cell, varying the compression of the GDL can be achieved both precisely and uniformly. Besides, the compression can be precisely measured and easily read out. Using this special fuel cell fixture, the effects of GDL compression on PEM fuel cell performance under various anode and cathode flow rates were studied. Two different GDL materials, carbon cloth double-sided ELAT and TORAY™ carbon fiber paper were used in these studies. The experimental results show that generally the fuel cell performance decreases with the increase in compression and over-compression probably exists in most fuel cells. In the low current density region, generally there exists an optimal compression ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-927
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume159
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 22 2006

Fingerprint

gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
Fuel cells
membranes
protons
fixtures
overconsolidation
Contact resistance
porosity
Carbon fibers
compression ratio
Anodes
low currents
Cathodes
Current density
carbon fibers
Carbon
contact resistance

Keywords

  • Gas diffusion layer
  • GDL compression
  • PEM fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Energy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Effect of gas diffusion layer compression on PEM fuel cell performance. / Ge, Jiabin; Higier, Andrew; Liu, Hongtan.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 159, No. 2, 22.09.2006, p. 922-927.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ge, Jiabin ; Higier, Andrew ; Liu, Hongtan. / Effect of gas diffusion layer compression on PEM fuel cell performance. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2006 ; Vol. 159, No. 2. pp. 922-927.
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