We compared the in vivo effectiveness of the calcium channel blockers, gallopamil and verapamil. in inhibiting carbachol- and histamine-induced bronchoconstriction in conscious sheep. In 13 sheep, specific lung resistance (SRL) was measured before and after aerosol challenge with histamine (50 breaths; 5% solution) and carbachol (10 breaths; 2.5% solution), without and with pretreatment with intravenous and aerosolized gallopamil and verapamil. Histamine increased mean SRL by 213%. Intravenous (20 μg/kg) and aerosolized (5 mg) gallopamil markedly inhibited the histamine-induced bronchoconstriction. Mean SRL increased by 19% and 23%, respectively, whereas 2.5 mg of aerosolized gallopamil partly inhibited the histamine-induced response with SRL increasing by 115% (p < 0.05). Carbachol increased mean SRL by 380%. Pretreatment with 2.5 mg of aerosolized gallopamil had no effect on carbachol-induced bronchoconstriction, whereas intravenous and 5 mg of aerosolized gallopamil partly attenuated the carbachol response; mean SRL increased by 204% and 177%, respectively (p < 0.05). Intravenous (150 μg/kg) and aerosolized (10 mg and 20 mg) verapamil did not prevent either histamine- or carbachol-induced bronchoconstriction. These results indicate that gallopamil (parenteral and aerosol) attenuates carbachol- and histamine-induced bronchoconstriction, is more potent than verapamil, and may be of therapeutic potential.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy