Effect of follow-up by a hospital diabetes care team on diabetes control at one year after discharge from the hospital

Rajesh Garg, Shelley Hurwitz, Raquel Rein, Brooke Schuman, Patricia Underwood, Shreya Bhandari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of continued follow-up by a hospital diabetes team on HbA1c at 1-year after discharge. Methods Adults with HbA1c ≥8% (64 mmol/mol), undergoing an elective surgery, were treated in the perioperative period and randomized to continued care (CC) or the usual care (UC) after discharge. Patients in the CC group received weekly to monthly phone calls from a diabetes specialist nurse practitioner (NP) to review their home blood glucose values, diet, exercise, and medications. Patients in the UC group followed with their diabetes care providers. Results Out of 151 patients, 77 were randomized to the CC group and 74 to the UC group. HbA1c (%) at 1-year was 8.2 ± 1.4 in the CC group and 8.5 ± 1.5 in the UC group (p = NS). Change in HbA1c from baseline was similar between the groups; −0.7 ± 1.4 in the CC versus −0.7 ± 1.5 in the UC group (p = NS). A higher number of calls was not associated with lower HbA1c or reduction in HbA1c. There were 41 insulin-treated patients in the CC group and 53 in the UC group and among them, HbA1c reduction was 0.5 ± 1.5 and 0.6 ± 1.3 respectively (p = NS). Conclusions Optimal perioperative treatment of diabetes is associated with an improvement in HbA1c but continued follow-up by a hospital diabetes team after discharge does not have an additional impact on long-term glycemic control. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02065050.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes research and clinical practice
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetes follow up
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Elective surgery
  • HbA1c
  • Hospital discharge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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