In this report, we describe the effect of FK506 on glucose-mediated insulin release in normal dogs. Dogs were placed into one of two groups, group 1 dogs received FK506 (1 mg/kg/d orally) for 2 weeks, and group 2 dogs received FK506 at the same dose, but for 4 weeks. Following the treatment period, both groups of dogs were allowed a recovery period during which time no FK506 was administered. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests (IVGTT) were performed (0.5 mg/kg IV) before FK506 treatment, after 2 or 4 weeks of treatment, and following the recovery periods. Complete blood cell counts (CBC) and serum chemistries were also obtained at these times. Following FK506 treatment for either 2 or 4 weeks, the dogs experienced a delay in glucose disappearance in response to IV glucose injection. Insulin secretion during IVGTT was unchanged in dogs treated for only 2 weeks, but was significantly decreased in dogs treated for 4 weeks. Following the recovery period, glucose disappearance during IVGTT returned to normal in dogs that were treated for 2 weeks, and was more rapid than normal in dogs that had been treated for 4 weeks. Insulin secretion after the recovery period remained unchanged in group 1 dogs, but continued to be significantly reduced in group 2 dogs that had received FK506 for 4 weeks. No significant change was detected in the CBCs or serum chemistries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism