The ventilatory response of 11 growing premature infants to external inspiratory resistive loads was evaluated. Air flow, tidal volume, minute ventilation, inspiratory duration and total breath duration were measured before and after application of a flow resistive load. A significant (P < 0.001) immediate decrease in minute ventilation and tidal volume was observed in all infants after load application. Minute ventilation and tidal volume remained decreased throughout the 10-min study period. Minute ventilation and tidal volume for the group decreased to 48 and 50% of control mean value, respectively. In addition, there was a significant (P < 0.001) sustained increase in inspiratory time resulting in an increase in the ratio of inspiratory time/total respiratory time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health