To determine whether the neonatal hypoxic ventilatory depression is in part produced by an increased endogenous dopamine release that can depress the activity of central and peripheral chemoreceptors, 31 sedated and spontaneously breathing newborn piglets [age 5 ± 1 (SD) days; weight 1.7 ± 0.4 kg] were randomly assigned to an intact carotid body or a chemodenervated group. Minute ventilation (V̇E), arterial blood pressure, and cardiac output (CO) were measured in room air before infusion of saline or the dopamine antagonist flupentixol (0.2 mg/kg iv) and 15 min after drug infusion and were repeated after 10 min of hypoxia (inspiratory O2 fraction = 0.10). V̇E increased significantly after 10 min of hypoxia in the piglets that received flupentixol independent of whether the carotid bodies were intact or denervated. However, the increase in V̇E was largest and sustained throughout the 10 min of hypoxia only in the intact carotid body flupentixol group. As expected, the initial increase in V̇E with hypoxia was abolished by carotid body denervation. Changes in arterial blood gases, CO, and mean arterial blood pressure with hypoxia were not different among groups. These results demonstrate that flupentixol reverses the late hypoxic decrease in V̇E, acting through peripheral and central dopamine receptors. This effect is not related to changes in cardiovascular function or acid-base status.
- dopamine receptor blocker
- newborn piglet
- peripheral and central chemoreceptors
- respiratory control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation