Effect of chronic treatment with thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or an analog of TRH (Linear β-Alanine TRH) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis

Charles B. Nemeroff, Garth Bissette, Joseph B. Martin, Paul Brazeau, Wylie Vale, John S. Kizer, Arthur J. Prange

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of treatment for 5 or 9 days with varying doses of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or the linear β-alanine TRH congener (pGlu-His-Pro-β-Ala-NH 2) on serum levels of TSH, T 3 and T 4 were studied in mice and rats. At low doses in rats treatment with TRH for 9 days significantly increased serum levels of T 3 but not serum T 4 whereas a higher dose of TRH (10 mg/kg) reduced serum T 3 levels. β-ALa TRH (0.1-10 mg/kg IP) treatment for 9 days in rats significantly reduced serum T 4 levels whereas serum T 3 were only depressed at higher doses (1-10 mg/kg IP) of the peptide. In mice treatment for 5 days with TRH ( 1 and 10 mg/kg IP) significantly reduced serum levels of T 3 and T 4. In addition, TRH (0.1-10 mg/kg IP) or β-Ala TRH treatment (1.0-10 mg/kg IP) for 9 days significantly reduced serum TSH levels in rats. TRH (10 mg/kg IP for 9 days) also signifianctly reduced serum GH levels in rats. No alteration in hypothalamic content of TRH pr LHRH was observed after chronic TRH treatment. Some, but not all, of our findings support the hypothesis that treatment with high doses of TRH reduce pituitary-thyroid axis functions by a direct effect of hypophysial TRH receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-199
Number of pages61
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GH
  • T<inf>3</inf>
  • T<inf>4</inf>
  • TSH
  • Words. TRH
  • β-Alanine TRH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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