Effect of charge transfer bands on the photo-induced DNA cleavage activity of [1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphtholato]copper(II) complexes

Shanta Dhar, Munirathinam Nethaji, Akhil R. Chakravarty

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92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ternary copper(II) complex [Cu(TAN)(O2CMe)] (1), where H-TAN is 1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphthol, is prepared and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. The complex has a distorted square pyramidal (4 + 1) CuN2O3 coordination geometry with the acetate showing chelating axial-equatorial binding mode and TAN as a tridentate ligand bonded to the metal in the basal plane. Complex 1 is one-electron paramagnetic and displays ligand-to-metal charge transfer bands at 575 and 398 nm in dimethylformamide. The reactions of 1 with bases (B) like 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and kanamycin-A (kan-A) afford ternary complexes of formulation [Cu(TAN)B]+ (B = phen, 2; kan-A, 3) under in situ reaction conditions. Complexes 2 and 3, prepared to explore their DNA binding and photo-induced DNA cleavage activity, display good binding propensity to calf thymus (CT) DNA giving a relative order: 2-3 > 1. The apparent binding constant (Kapp) for 1 is determined as 9.8 × 105 M-1 from fluorescence quenching experiments using ethidium bromide. The quenching constants (K) values of 1-3, obtained from the Stern-Volmer plots, are 0.28, 0.52 and 0.49, respectively. All the complexes show photo-induced DNA cleavage activity when irradiated with a monochromatic UV light of 365 nm wavelength. A 200 μM complex 1 cleaves ∼75% supercoiled (SC) DNA on 2 h exposure time at 365 nm. A 50 μM solution of 1 in presence of 100 μM phen and kanamycin-A cleaves ∼99% and ∼60% SC DNA to its nicked circular form, respectively, for an exposure of 30 min. The complexes also exhibit significant cleavage of SC DNA on irradiation with visible light of wavelengths 532, 575 and 632.8 nm. Control experiments reveal the minor groove binding nature of the complexes. The cleavage reactions involve the formation reactive hydroxyl species as significant inhibition in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and catalase is observed. There is no apparent inhibition in cleavage in the presence of singlet oxygen quenchers like sodium azide. The cleavage activity has been found to be higher at the CT band position of 575 nm in comparison to those at 532 and 632.8 nm. The results indicate the involvement of the CT band in the photo-excitation process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-812
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Crystal structure
  • DNA photo-cleavage
  • Supramolecular structure
  • Thiazolylazo-2-naphthol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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