Effect of catecholamine depletion on oxidative energy metabolism in rat liver, brain and heart mitochondria; use of reserpine

Vaishali H. Shukla, Kunjan R. Dave, Surendra S. Katyare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regulation of mitochondrial functions in vivo by catecholamines was examined indirectly by depleting the catecholamines stores by reserpine treatments of the experimental animals. Reserpine treatment resulted in decreased respiratory activity in liver and brain mitochondria with the two NAD+-linked substrates: glutamate and pyruvate + malate with succinate ATP synthesis rate decreased in liver mitochondria only. With ascorbate + TMPD system, the ADP/O ratio and ADP phosphorylation rate decreased in brain mitochondria. For the heart mitochondria, state 3 respiration rates decreased for all substrates. In the liver mitochondria basal ATPase activity decreased by 51%, but in the presence of Mg2+ and/or DNP increased significantly. In the brain and heart mitochondria ATPase activities were unchanged. The energy of activation in high temperature range increased liver mitochondrial ATPase while in brain mitochondria reserpine treatment resulted in abolishment in phase transition. Total phospholipid (TPL) content of the brain mitochondria increased by 22%. For the heart mitochondria TPL content decreased by 19% and CHL content decreased by 34%. Tissue specific differential effects were observed for the mitochondrial phospholipid composition. Liver mitochondrial membranes were more fluidized in the reserpine-treated group. The epinephrine and norepinephrine contents in the adrenals decreased by 68 and 77% after reserpine treatment. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - C Pharmacology Toxicology and Endocrinology
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2000

Keywords

  • Catecholamines
  • Catecholamines and energy metabolism
  • Mitochondrial ATPase
  • Mitochondrial membrane fluidity
  • Mitochondrial phospholipid profile
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Reserpine
  • Reserpine and mitochondrial lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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