Aims: We sought to assess if bivalirudin use during balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) would affect clinical outcomes compared with heparin. Methods and results: We compared the outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent elective or urgent BAV with intraprocedural use of bivalirudin or heparin at two high-volume centres. All in-hospital events post BAV were adjudicated by an independent, blinded clinical events committee. Of 427 patients, 223 patients (52.2%) received bivalirudin and 204 (47.8%) received heparin. Compared with patients who received heparin, patients who received bivalirudin had significantly less major bleeding (4.9% vs. 13.2%, p=0.003). Net adverse clinical events (NACE, major bleeding or major adverse cardiovascular events [MACE]) were also reduced (11.2% vs. 20.1%, p=0.01). There was no significant difference in the rates of MACE (mortality, myocardial infarction or stroke, 6.7% vs. 11.3%, p=0.1), or vascular complications (major, 2.7% vs. 2.0%; minor, 4.5% vs. 4.9%; p=0.83). After multivariate analysis controlling for vascular preclosure, the use of bivalirudin remained independently associated with reduced major bleeding (OR 0.37; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.84; p=0.02) while the association was attenuated in propensity-adjusted analysis (OR 0.44, 95% CI: 0.18 to 1.07, p=0.08). Conclusions: In this registry of patients with severe aortic stenosis, bivalirudin as compared to heparin resulted in improved in-hospital outcomes post BAV in terms of reduced major bleeding, similar MACE and reduced NACE. If verified in a randomised study and extended to the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) population, these results might indicate a potential benefit for patients undergoing such procedures.
- Balloon aortic valvuloplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine