BACKGROUND: Sun protection during childhood may reduce the risk of developing skin cancer later in life. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comprehension of sun protection methods, level of recall and impact on sun-protective behaviors, three- and six-months after the intervention. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cluster randomized clinical controlled, single-blinded trial, performed from January 2016 to December 2017, in which cluster random assignment of preschool children of eight private and public schools in Medellin, Colombia was done. Children were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG was provided with a printed and illustrated sun-protection story book, presented by a professional actor during 20-minutes monologue. The CG was provided with an educational flyer, explained by a registered nurse. RESULTS: 651 kindergarten students met the inclusion criteria (IG: 329, CG: 319). Immediately after the initial intervention, the IG demonstrated a better understanding of sun protection methods and behaviors. Overall, participants showed a trend toward improvement of sun protection behaviors at the three time points of the study; although no statistically significant differences were observed between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that cognitive interventions in kindergarten children may lead to long-lasting improvements in sun protection behaviors.
|Translated title of the contribution||Effect of a story on the sun protection comprehension and behaviors in children|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Dermatologia Revista Mexicana|
|State||Published - 2021|
- Skin cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas