Aims: Although acute haemodynamic improvement in response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is reflective of a favourable cardiac contractile response, there is limited information regarding not only its ability to predict long-term clinical outcome but also cardiac-substrate- specific differences in the prognostic value of this measure. Methods and results: Fifty-three heart failure patients (69 ± 11 years) with low left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) (22 ± 6%), wide QRS (169 ± 31 ms), and indications for CRT were included. There were no significant differences in age, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, medications, QRS width, or LVEF between ischaemic (n = 37) and non-ischaemic (n = 16) groups. Echocardiograms were performed within 24 h of implantation with device OFF and ON. Acute haemodynamic response was measured as LV dP/dt derived from the CW Doppler of mitral regurgitation. Percentage change in dP/dt was used to classify patients: high- (HR: ΔdP/dt > 25%) or poor-responders (PR: ΔdP/dt ≤ 25%). Clinical response to CRT was defined by a combined endpoint of hospitalizations and all-cause mortality at 12 months. HR group had a significantly better outcome compared to the PR group (P-value = 0.004) irrespective of the aetiology of the cardiomyopathy. Conclusion: Echocardiographic assessment of the acute haemodynamic response to CRT predicts long-term clinical outcome in both ischaemic and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy.
- Heart failure
- Long-term outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine