Early treatment with a novel inhibitor of lipid peroxidation (LY341122) improves histopathological outcome after moderate fluid percussion brain injury in rats

Kojiro Wada, Ofelia F. Alonso, Raul Busto, Jill Panetta, James A. Clemens, Myron D. Ginsberg, W. Dalton Dietrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species are thought to participate in the pathobiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study determined whether treatment with LY341122, a potent inhibitor of lipid peroxidation and an antioxidant, would provide neuroprotection in a rat model of TBI. METHODS: To investigate the efficacy of LY341122 in this parasagittal fluid percussion model (1.8-2.1 atm), the rats received oral administration of LY341122 (100 mg/kg) or vehicle 2 hours before and 4 hours after TBI (each group, n = 7). To investigate the therapeutic window for treatment, rats were treated with LY341122 or vehicle for 20 hours by femoral vein infusion starting at 5 minutes, 30 minutes, or 3 hours after TBI (each group, n = 5). Three days after injury, analysis of contusion volumes and the frequency of damaged cortical neurons was conducted. RESULTS: Oral administration of LY341122 before and after TBI led to a significant reduction in overall contusion volume (3.28 mm3 ± 0.75 mm3 [mean ± standard error of the mean] versus 1.32 mm3 ± 0.33 mm3; P < 0.05) and also reduced the frequency of damaged cortical neurons (1191.7 ± 267.1 versus 474.6 ± 80.2; P < 0.05) in the second experiment, rats treated with LY341122 at 5 minutes or 30 minutes after TBI also demonstrated a significant reduction (P < 0.05) in contusion volume (1.92 mm3 ± 0.64 mm3 or 1.59 mm3 ± 0.50 mm3, respectively) compared with vehicle-treated rats (4.32 mm3 ± 1.15 mm3). A significant reduction in total cortical necrotic neuron counts was also demonstrated in the 5-minute group (2243.8 ± 265.3 versus 1457.8 ± 265.3; P < 0.05). In contrast, histopathological outcome was not significantly improved when treatment was delayed until 3 hours after TBI. CONCLUSION: These data reinforce the hypothesis that lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species participate in the acute pathogenesis of TBI. Treatment delayed until 3 hours after TBI did not provide significant histopathological protection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-608
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Fluid percussion brain injury
  • Free radical scavenger
  • Lipid peroxidation inhibitor
  • LY341122
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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